For other uses, see, "300-metre tower" and "Tour Eiffel" redirect here. WELCOME TO THE HOTEL CARINA TOUR EIFFEL. Naval Academy. A symbol of Paris and more generally of France, the Eiffel Tower was built by Gustave Eiffel for the 1889 World’s Fair. Monument, © 2015 Paris Convention and Visitors Bureau All rights reserved, By using this site , you agree to the use of cookies for analytical purposes, advertising and personalized content . 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Most of the party chose to stop at the lower levels, but a few, including the structural engineer, Émile Nouguier, the head of construction, Jean Compagnon, the President of the City Council, and reporters from Le Figaro and Le Monde Illustré, completed the ascent. [34] From 1925 to 1934, illuminated signs for Citroën adorned three of the tower's sides, making it the tallest advertising space in the world at the time. Will it not also be grandiose in its way? Bienvenue sur la page officielle de la tour Eiffel ! The sparkly lighting continued for 18 months until July 2001. In 1909, a permanent underground radio centre was built near the south pillar, which still exists today. The Eiffel Tower is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. The Eiffel Tower is owned by the City of Paris, which has subcontracted its maintenance and daily operations since 2005 to SETE ( Société d'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel ), a public utility. Prior to the Eiffel Tower's construction, no structure had ever been constructed to a height of 300 m, and many people believed it was impossible. Hydraulic pressure was provided by pressurised accumulators located near this mechanism. [26] Eiffel invited Edison to his private apartment at the top of the tower, where Edison presented him with one of his phonographs, a new invention and one of the many highlights of the exposition. It has been the highest building in the world for over 40 years — almost 2 times higher than the tallest buildings of it's time: the Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt (146.6 meters), Cologne Cathedral (156 meters), and Ulm Cathedral (161 meters) in Germany. The west and north legs, being closer to the river Seine, were more complicated: each slab needed two piles installed by using compressed-air caissons 15 m (49 ft) long and 6 m (20 ft) in diameter driven to a depth of 22 m (72 ft)[16] to support the concrete slabs, which were 6 m (20 ft) thick. The tower has been used for making radio transmissions since the beginning of the 20th century. [58], The puddled iron (wrought iron) of the Eiffel Tower weighs 7,300 tons,[59] and the addition of lifts, shops and antennae have brought the total weight to approximately 10,100 tons. When firemen arrived, he stopped after the sixth jump. DIRECTEUR DE PROJETS TECHNIQUES ET EVENEMENTIELS chez TOUR EIFFEL Paris 07, Île-de-France, France +500 relations. [77] An average of 25,000 people ascend the tower every day which can result in long queues.[78]. Every year, SETE and its 340 employees welcome 6 million visitors to the Eiffel Tower. [69], The tower is painted in three shades: lighter at the top, getting progressively darker towards the bottom to complement the Parisian sky. Smaller sprockets at the top guided the chains.[22]. [97] The tower also lost its standing as the world's tallest tower to the Tokyo Tower in 1958 but retains its status as the tallest freestanding (non-guyed) structure in France. The Eiffel Tower was the world's tallest structure when completed in 1889, a distinction it retained until 1929 when the Chrysler Building in New York City was topped out. [12] Guy de Maupassant supposedly ate lunch in the tower's restaurant every day because it was the one place in Paris where the tower was not visible.[13]. [73] In reality, since zoning restrictions limit the height of most buildings in Paris to seven storeys, only a small number of tall buildings have a clear view of the tower. It was run by the multi-Michelin star chef Alain Ducasse from 2007 to 2017. The top level's upper platform is 276 m (906 ft) above the ground – the highest observation deck accessible to the public in the European Union. [82], As one of the most iconic landmarks in the world, the Eiffel Tower has been the inspiration for the creation of many replicas and similar towers. Its base is square, measuring 125 metres (410 ft) on each side. By 1918, it had become a symbol of Paris and of France after Guillaume Apollinaire wrote a nationalist poem in the shape of the tower (a calligram) to express his feelings about the war against Germany. Head of project management (construction) and events department This was signed by Eiffel acting in his own capacity rather than as the representative of his company, and granted him 1.5 million francs toward the construction costs: less than a quarter of the estimated 6.5 million francs. 6,802,425 were here. [64] All parts of the tower were over-designed to ensure maximum resistance to wind forces. Each shoe was anchored to the stonework by a pair of bolts 10 cm (4 in) in diameter and 7.5 m (25 ft) long. SETE’s aim is to improve and modernise every aspect of the Eiffel Tower, in an approach that focuses on security and quality. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to become the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930. [54], The tower received its 200,000,000th guest on 28 November 2002. The top half was even assumed to have no gaps in the latticework. In 1980, the Ville de Paris-the owner of the monument- gave an operating concession, for the Tower, of 25 years to the Société Nouvelle de l'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel (SNTE), which launched an ambitious restoration project. The average journey time between levels is 1 minute. La SETE et ses 340 salariés accueillent les 6 millions de visiteurs annuels de la tour Eiffel. French doctrine and jurisprudence allows pictures incorporating a copyrighted work as long as their presence is incidental or accessory to the subject being represented,[96] a reasoning akin to the de minimis rule. [67], In May 2016, an apartment was created on the first level to accommodate four competition winners during the UEFA Euro 2016 football tournament in Paris in June. [44] When visiting Paris, Hitler chose to stay on the ground. This renewed concerns about the structural integrity of the tower, and sensational headlines such as "Eiffel Suicide!" [6] (A 300-meter tower was then considered a herculean engineering effort). It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower. At the top, there was a post office where visitors could send letters and postcards as a memento of their visit. [36], On two separate but related occasions in 1925, the con artist Victor Lustig "sold" the tower for scrap metal. Famous visitors to the tower included the Prince of Wales, Sarah Bernhardt, "Buffalo Bill" Cody (his Wild West show was an attraction at the exposition) and Thomas Edison. I bought a baseball cap and a coffee mug. 75007 Official website [81] This restaurant was sold to an American restaurateur and transported to New York and then New Orleans. Chef du service Exploitation, Sanitaires & Propreté La TOUR EIFFEL (S.E.T.E.) [53], The lights sparkled blue for several nights to herald the new millennium on 31 December 2000. In 2011, the TV show Pricing the Priceless on the National Geographic Channel speculated that a full-size replica of the tower would cost approximately US$480 million to build. [46] In 1964, the Eiffel Tower was officially declared to be a historical monument by the Minister of Cultural Affairs, André Malraux. The Société d’Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel operates, maintains, and runs events at the Eiffel Tower as part of a delegated public service contract with the City of Paris. [23] Otis were confident they would eventually be given the contract and had already started creating designs. "[9] These criticisms were also dealt with by Édouard Lockroy in a letter of support written to Alphand, sardonically saying,[10] "Judging by the stately swell of the rhythms, the beauty of the metaphors, the elegance of its delicate and precise style, one can tell this protest is the result of collaboration of the most famous writers and poets of our time", and he explained that the protest was irrelevant since the project had been decided upon months before, and construction on the tower was already under way. Lead paint was still being used as recently as 2001 when the practice was stopped out of concern for the environment.[54][74]. The Court of Cassation, France's judicial court of last resort, upheld the ruling in March 1992. Tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France, This article is about the landmark in Paris, France. It was wind resistance. [68], The arrangement of the lifts has been changed several times during the tower's history. In all, 18,038 pieces were joined together using 2.5 million rivets. Nous avons accueilli en fanfare nos premiers visiteurs…” The layout of both first and second levels was modified, with the space available for visitors on the second level. of the Convention Robert Moriarty flew a Beechcraft Bonanza under the tower on 31 March 1984. Société de la Tour Eiffel starts the development. [37] A year later, in February 1926, pilot Leon Collet was killed trying to fly under the tower. Free WiFi is available in this apartment, set 1.7 mi from Eiffel Tower and 1.7 mi from Rodin Museum. After some debate about the exact location of the tower, a contract was signed on 8 January 1887. See 301 traveller reviews, 82 candid photos, and great deals for Hotel de la Tour Eiffel, ranked #1,249 of 1,852 hotels in Paris and rated 3.5 of 5 at Tripadvisor. In 1983, the south pillar was fitted with an electrically driven Otis lift to serve the Jules Verne restaurant. Download this stock image: France, Paris, Eiffel Tower (© SETE-illuminations Pierre Bideau) designed by Gustave Eiffel for the 1889 Universal Exhibition - CN97TC from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. … Now to what phenomenon did I have to give primary concern in designing the Tower? At the same time, two new emergency staircases were installed, replacing the original spiral staircases. [79] Starting May 2019, it will be managed by three star chef Frédéric Anton. From 1937 until 1981, there was a restaurant near the top of the tower. [33] In 1914, at the outbreak of World War I, a radio transmitter located in the tower jammed German radio communications, seriously hindering their advance on Paris and contributing to the Allied victory at the First Battle of the Marne. The cars were replaced, and a computer system was installed to completely automate the lifts. Novotel Paris centre Tour Eiffel. [citation needed], Maintenance of the tower includes applying 60 tons of paint every seven years to prevent it from rusting. Naysayers deemed the tower “useless” and “monstrous”, but the engineer dismissed his critics, stating that his tower symbolised “not only the art of the modern engineer, but also the century of Industry and Science in which we are living”. The tower was closed to the public during the occupation and the lifts were not repaired until 1946. Although construction involved 300 on-site employees,[15] only one person died, due to Eiffel's safety precautions and the use of movable gangways, guardrails and screens. [19] At this stage, a small "creeper" crane designed to move up the tower was installed in each leg. The car was pushed up from below, not pulled up from above: to prevent the chain buckling, it was enclosed in a conduit. [64], The Eiffel Tower sways by up to 9 cm (3.5 in) in the wind. 360 ° panorama of Paris that can be seen from the floors of the Tower. Google Arts & Culture features content from over 2000 leading museums and archives who have partnered with the Google Cultural Institute to bring the world's treasures online. Welcome to the Eiffel Tower official page! "[11], Some of the protesters changed their minds when the tower was built; others remained unconvinced. Lots of cool Eiffel Tower things. The climb from ground level to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the climb from the first level to the second. At 2:35 pm, Eiffel hoisted a large Tricolour to the accompaniment of a 25-gun salute fired at the first level. The European branch of Otis Brothers & Company submitted a proposal but this was rejected: the fair's charter ruled out the use of any foreign material in the construction of the tower. In an interview with the newspaper Le Temps published on 14 February 1887, Eiffel said: Is it not true that the very conditions which give strength also conform to the hidden rules of harmony? The car was divided into two superimposed compartments, each holding 25 passengers, with the lift operator occupying an exterior platform on the first level. [39] In 1930, the tower lost the title of the world's tallest structure when the Chrysler Building in New York City was completed. 7th arrondissement, Monument in Paris and in the Paris Region: There are several gifts shops, some on the ground level and then others higher up. [29] Edison signed the guestbook with this message: To M Eiffel the Engineer the brave builder of so gigantic and original specimen of modern Engineering from one who has the greatest respect and admiration for all Engineers including the Great Engineer the Bon Dieu, Thomas Edison.